ou might ask yourself one thing I have kept asking myself too since the very moment the title “Architecture and the hourglass” came to...
A significant area of the Internet of Things where we will definitely see expansion next year is smart cities, with more and more countries across the world preparing for a tech-driven future. From Pittsburgh to Singapore, Helsinki to Hong Kong, cities are making smart additions to civilian life, looking to improve on our journeys to work, our life in the home and deepen our relationship with our urban environment.
Every day, millions of hours are wasted on the road worldwide. Last year, the average San Francisco resident spent 230 hours commuting between work and home1—that’s half a million hours of productivity lost every single day. In Los Angeles and Sydney, residents spend seven1 whole working weeks each year commuting, two of which are wasted unproductively stuck in gridlock2. In many global megacities, the problem is more severe: the average commute in Mumbai3 exceeds a staggering 90 minutes. For all of us, that’s less time with family, less time at work growing our economies, more money spent on fuel—and a marked increase in our stress levels: a study in the American Journal of Preventative Medicine , for example, found that those who commute more than 10 miles were at increased odds of elevated blood pressure4.
The Smart City is one of today’s major hypes. Everything is to become more progressive, more efficient, cleaner. A lot of projects are working towards this goal. What is lacking, however, is a comprehensive platform that lets a broad range of municipal applications work together. In the European ALMANAC project, Fraunhofer FIT is working with international partners to develop a prototype of such a platform. A key component of this platform is a service-oriented middleware that enables heterogeneous resources, devices and services to cooperate at the semantic level.